Mapping Agricultural Income Distribution in Rural Syria: A Case Study in Linking Poverty to Resource Endowment.
J.A. Szonyi, E. De Pauw, A. Aw-Hassan, R. La Rovere, B. Nseir.
Aleppo, Syria: ICARDA, 2005. viii + 48pp. ISBN: 92-9127-182-X.
Poverty is subjective, complex, and multidimensional. While poverty is primarily about income, limited access to the necessary natural resources for agricultural production is a major constraint to poverty alleviation in the dry areas. Poverty mapping allows the well-being of rural populations to be assessed in a spatial context, and can thus be used to identify poverty hotspots. It has considerable potential as a tool for regional policy analysis. This report outlines ICARDA's approach to poverty mapping, using Syria as a case study. Agricultural income was mapped using a combination of agricultural statistics and indicators of resource endowment. The report analyzes the distribution of agricultural income in relation to land tenure, income from agricultural labor, rural unemployment and other socio-economic factors. It also emphasizes the country's population dynamics and the impact of population pressure on both resource endowment and irrigation. It is recommended to socio-economic and agricultural researchers especially in the dry areas of the world, policymakers, students, NGOs, and the public.
Original author abstract.